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Rigging Manufacturing: Why Forge Parts Versus Cast?

Rigging | Safety and Training | by Troy Raines | Feb 03, 2016


Jason, a product engineer and recent rigging safety webinar attendee, asks:

“Why or when would a rigging equipment manufacturer choose to use the forging method versus the casting method?”

Troy Raines, Chain & Rigging Product Engineering Manager at our CMCO Chattanooga Forge Operations, responds:

Please be patient with me, as I use the word “mold” as a general reference to all tooling used in both the casting and forging processes.

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The forging method is appropriate when a manufacturer is:

  • (To a large extent) making solid parts. Forged parts can have open sides, through-cavities and pierced holes; however, certain design considerations, such as a draft angle for mold release, have to be taken into account.
  • Producing high quantities of parts when an investment in tooling can be justified.
  • Needing smaller, lighter parts. Parts can be smaller and lighter due to increased strength, toughness and ductility.

The casting method is appropriate when a manufacturer is:

  • Concerned about high tooling costs or a large mold inventory. Cast tooling is less expensive and disposable.
  • Looking to eliminate draft angles. Draft angles are incorporated in the mold to allow the part to be removed from the mold. With casting, the mold can be considered disposable or sacrificial. So, because the mold will be destroyed, it eliminates the need for draft angles. Cast tooling is also cheaper, but it only makes one part before being sacrificed.
  • Minimizing required secondary operations because casting allows manufacturers to start closer to the finished shape.
Conclusion

Forged parts are always better for rigging equipment because of their part size (same strength from a smaller part), weight, strength, toughness and ductility properties. Cast parts are larger, heavier, weaker, more brittle and require more expensive inspection techniques due to the probability of internal defects. Unfortunately, many rigging manufacturers have resorted to cast rigging hardware because they have hammer size limitations. For years, even Columbus McKinnon has limited the size of its rigging hardware because of its desire to only have its name on forged rigging products.

CM High-Capacity Rigging Hooks

Expanding its line of high-quality, forged rigging hooks, Columbus McKinnon now offers high-capacity rigging hooks with capacities ranging from 31.5 - 60 tons. Our high-capacity hooks are well suited for heavy-duty lifting applications with features such as a 5:1 design factor; ultra-strong, forged latch tab, quenched and tempered material for maximum strength; and highly visible load rating marking for easy identification.

Additional Resources:

View our Safety Webinar: The Forging Process – Manufacturing Heavy Duty Hooks 

Troy Raines

Troy Raines is a Global Chain and Rigging, Product Engineering Manager at Columbus McKinnon Corporation. He has 15 years of experience with CM on multiple ASME, WSTDA, ASTM, and ISO industry standards and technical committees. Troy believes that we are stronger/smarter as a team and enjoys strategic thinking that finds the best solution for all parties.

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